Peacock

Peacock1573F

  • Peacock Records was run by Don Robey, out of Houston, Texas. The label started in 1949 and in the early 1950’s Robey acquired the Duke label. The output on both labels had a major impact on the history of American music. Apart from blues, rhythm & blues and rock & roll, the labels, especially Peacock, also had a large gospel catalogue. The Duke/Peacock family of labels (which later also included Song Bird, Back Beat and Sure Shot) was sold to ABC Dunhill in 1973. The label name was changed to ABC/Peacock in 1974.
  • Early 78’s and 45’s had the Lyons Ave. address (45’s came with matt and glossy labels – the glossy labels appear to be first pressings), later issues had the Erastus St. address. 78’s had the Erastus St. address starting at around #1731 (1954), 45’s at around #1895 (1963). Pre-1895 45’s with the Erastus St. address are reissues, probably from the 1960’s. Pre-1731 78’s with the Erastus St. address don’t seem to exist. Peacock stopped pressing 78’s in 1958 (around #1789). Early 78’s came with two deep grooves (see image at the right), one close to the centre of the labels (c. 4 mm from the centre hole), one close to the outer perimeter of the labels (c. 7 mm from the ridge). All 45s with the Erastus St. address had a lay-out change as the peacock’s body appeared with slanted lines. The 78s with the Erastus St. address had the same label lay-out as the earlier 78’s.
  • The Five Blind Boys or the Original Five Blind Boys were from Mississippi. On many Peacock singles their original name (the Jackson Harmoneers) is also given, probably to avoid confusion with the Alabama group.
  • Peacock 1780 was released as by the Dixie Humming Birds (5-1780) and the Dixie Hummingbirds (1780). This is possible with other Dixie Hummingbirds 45’s as well.
  • Early copies of Peacock 1802 had the Everyready Gospel Singers printed in error. This was corrected on subsequent pressings (Ever-Ready Gospel Singers).
  • Some early copies (not all) of the Mighty Clouds of Joy 45’s showed the name as the Mighty, Mighty Clouds of Joy. Some (not all) reissues of these 45’s show the name as just the Mighty Clouds of Joy. The Mighty Clouds featured Willie Joe Ligon, who founded the group in 1955/56. The early Peacock recordings also featured David Walker, who recorded secular as Bunker Hill.
  • Peacock 1850 was released as by the Gospel Consolers and as by the Gospelaires. However, “Who Is He (My Friend Jesus)” is present on both discs and was incorrectly credited to the Gospelaires on their copy of #1850.
  • Bertha Robinson was the wife of Rev. Cleophus Robinson. Lillie Robinson was his mother, Josephine James his sister, Catherine Gill his niece. On Peacock 3055 this niece is named Catherint by mistake, #3092 gives the name correctly as Catherine.
  • Victoria and Thelma Hawkins (#1878 and 3089) are a daughter and mother duo; they also recorded for Staff, see also the Federal discography (listed as Thelma Hawkins and Daughter).
  • The cover and labels of Peacock LP 111 (Gospelaires) list “While The Blood Runs Warm” but the song isn’t there.
  • Click here for a photograph of the Five Blind Boys of Mississippi.
  • Click here for a photograph of King Louis H. Narcisse (Peacock 1866).
  • Click here for a photograph of the Starlight Quintet(te).
  • This discography lists all known gospel singles and LP’s, released on Peacock between 1950 and 1970. Later recordings are omitted.

 

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